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George Santayana | Spanish-American philosopher | Britannica

« It is customary to judge religions and philosophies by their truth, which is seldom their strong point; yet the application of that unsympathetic criterion is not unjust, since they aspire to be true, maintain that they are so, and forbid any opposed view, no matter how obvious and inevitable, to be called true in their stead. But when religions and philosophies are dead, or when we are so removed from them by time or training that the question of their truth is not a living question for us, they do not on that account lose all their interest; then, in fact, for the first time they manifest their virtues to the unbeliever. He sees that they are expressions of human genius; that however false to their subject-matter they may be, like the conventions of art they are true to the eye and to the spirit that fashioned them. And as nothing in the world, not even the truth, is so interesting as human genius, these incredible or obsolete religions and philosophies become delightful to us. The sting is gone out of their errors, which no longer threaten to delude us, and they have acquired a beauty invisible to the eye of their authors, because of the very refraction which the truth suffered in that vital medium. »

George Santayana, Egotism in german philosophy, J. M. dent & Sons ltd, 1939, p.136


En suivant l’idée ici proposée par Santayana on pourrait parler de zombification pour qualifier la substitution d’une promotion sur le terrain esthétique à une justification sur le terrain de la vérité. Ils zombifient leur religion, les auteurs d’apologétiques esthétisantes d’un culte traditionnel qui se recommandait originellement de la vérité de ses fondements. De même, pourrait-on qualifier Gilles Deleuze de grand zombifieur de la philosophie quand il propose de définir celle-ci comme création de concepts.