Mots-clefs

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J’ai par le passé exprimé mon intérêt pour les versions hérétiques du récit de la Passion, je voudrais aujourd’hui partager une version surprenante du récit de la Chute dont j’ai appris l’existence grâce au très recommandable ouvrage de François Flahaut, Adam et Eve, La condition humaine. Ce récit a été recueilli au sud du Maroc par l’ethnologue Stefania Pandolfo, il est restitué dans le cadre  de discussions avec Hadda (l’informateur de l’ethnologue) à propos de la notion de fitna.  On notera que ce récit diverge de la version classique tant sur le motif de la tentation que sur les modalités de l’expulsion du jardin d’Eden :

“In the jinna, the Garden of Eden, Iblis the devil presented our mother Hawwa with a mirror. She saw her reflection, was seized by fitna, and got lost. Deceived by the image, she believed she saw another woman who was usurping her place with Adam. Iblis confirmed her suspicion : “Adam has replaced you with another woman, she’ll have the same rights as you”. Thus following the advice of the devil, she ate from the forbidden tree. For Iblis told her that, if she ate a leaf from that tree, she and Adam would remain the only beings and that human race would never be born on the face of the Earth. She got a leaf from that tree, an apricot or fig tree, and ate it. As she ate she felt – with respect to your face – the urgent need to shit, and moved by this need to shit she came out to the World tom empty her bowels. Once in the World she lost the orientation of the Garden and couldn’t find her way back. Adam noticed her absence and came out of the Garden to look for her, he came into the World to fin her. He wandered about in one direction, she wandered about in the other. She wanted to return to him but couldn’t find the way, and realized she was lost.”

Stefania Pandolfo, Impasse of the Angels: Scenes from a Moroccan Space of Memory, University of Chicago Press, p. 93 – 94

La suite du récit (qui m’intéresse moins) explique comment Adam et Hawwa (Eve) se retrouvent dans des conditions qui servent à justifier la différence de traitement entre homme et femme en matière d’héritage.

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Exercice  : Imaginez une uchronie, dans laquelle la version canonique de la Chute serait celle qui vient d’être rapportée.  En quoi, la théologie, la philosophie, l’iconographie de ce monde seraient-elles différentes des nôtres ?

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